Testing & Intelligence

The aim of testing is to detect and deter doping among athletes to protect clean athletes.

Any athlete under the testing jurisdiction of the WBSC may be tested at any time, with no advance notice, in- or out-of-competition, and be required to provide a urine or blood sample.

WHICH ATHLETES ARE CONSIDERED TO BE “INTERNATIONAL-LEVEL ATHLETES”?

International-level athletes are defined as:

TESTING POOLS AND WHEREABOUTS

Registered Testing Pool: it is the pool of highest-priority athletes, established at the international level by WBSC and at the national level by National Anti-Doping Organizations; it is subject to focused in-competition and out-of-competition testing.

WBSC Testing Pool: it is the tier below the Registered Testing Pool, it includes athletes from whom some whereabouts information is required in order to test them out-of-competition.
You can find below the WBSC Testing Pool 2020.

Certain athletes in the WBSC Testing Pools, such as those in the Registered Testing Pool (RTP) and/or Testing Pool (TP), are required to provide information on their whereabouts in ADAMS, WADA’s online anti-doping administration and management system.

Criteria to be included in the WBSC Testing Pool:

The WBSC updates the composition of the testing pools regularly, at least yearly.

The management of anti-doping tests for these athletes must be carried out strictly complying with the International Standards for Testing and Investigations.

Whereabouts: please click here.

HOW DO ATHLETES KNOW THEY NEED TO PROVIDE WHEREABOUTS?

WBSC notifies athletes through a letter about their inclusion in the Testing Pool or Registered Testing Pool, how to use ADAMS, what information exactly they need to provide, deadlines within which they have to submit this information and any consequences in case of no-submission.

WHAT DO RTP/TP ATHLETES NEED TO KNOW?

ADAMS login page

ADAMS User Guide

ADEL for RTP/TP Athletes (including Whereabouts and ADAMS essentials)

WADA’s webpage on ADAMS

Should athletes have any query on ADAMS, such as how to submit whereabouts, please contact antidoping@wbsc.org.

WHAT SHOULD ATHLETES DO IF THEY WISH TO RETIRE OR RETURN TO COMPETITION AFTER RETIRING?

All WBSC-licensed athletes who decide to retire from competition must inform the WBSC.

WBSC's RTP athletes, as soon as the retirement is officially confirmed to the WBSC, will be withdrawn from the WBSC’s RTP with immediate effect. If an athlete wishes to resume competing, they will not be able to do so until they have given the WBSC written notice of their intent and made themselves available for testing for a period of six months. Please consult Article 5.6 of the WBSC Anti-Doping Rules.

If you want to download the official forms and for more information, please refer to the specific section.

WHAT ARE THE TECHNICAL DOCUMENT FOR SPORT SPECIFIC ANALYSIS (TDSSA)?

The TDSSA is a mandatory document that must be implemented by all Anti-Doping Organisations (ADOs). The TDSSA contains a Minimum Level of Analysis (MLA) represented as a percentage, which all ADOs shall apply to the tests they plan to conduct on sports and disciplines included in their Test Distribution Plans (TDPs) for the following prohibited substances: erythropoietin-receptor agonists (EPOs), growth hormone (GH) and growth hormone releasing factors (GHRFs).

ATHLETE BIOLOGICAL PASSPORT

The Athlete Biological Passport (ABP) is an anti-doping technique introduced by WADA which consists in tracking the athlete's physiological parameters over time. The athlete incurs disqualification for doping in the event that abnormal and unjustified trends of these parameters are detected with respect to the typical profile of the athlete.

The ABP is integrated directly into ADAMS. There are fundamentally two kinds of approaches, namely Steroidal Module and Haematological Module:

Steroidal Module
The Steroidal Module inspects the athlete's level of steroids over time, establishing an athlete steroid profile. This technique is based on the analysis of the urine samples.

Haematological Module
The Haematological Module analyses the athlete’s blood variables over time and can signal the effects of blood doping, such as blood transfusion or the use of Erytrhopoiesis-Stimulating Agents (ESAs).

For more information, please click here.

RISK ASSESSMENT

WBSC carries out an adequate testing programme in order to protect clean athletes and to strengthen clean Baseball and Softball. At the same time, WBSC alerts all athletes to the “risk assessment” in playing Baseball and Softball.

It is important to consider that professional athletes frequently do movements and are subject to some injuries:

Therefore, it is important for athletes to:

WHAT SHOULD AN ATHLETE, ATHLETE SUPPORT PERSONNEL OR ANY OTHER PERSON DO TO REPORT DOPING PRACTICES?

Submit doping practices to the Speak Up platform.
Report Doping to antidoping@wbsc.org.