Testing & intelligence

The aim of testing is to detect and deter doping among athletes to protect clean athletes.

Any athlete under the testing jurisdiction of the IF may be tested at any time, with no advance notice, in- or out-of-competition, and be required to provide a urine or blood sample.

WHICH ATHLETES ARE CONSIDERED TO BE “INTERNATIONAL-LEVEL ATHLETES”?

International-level athletes are defined as:

WHAT ARE TESTING POOLS AND WHY ARE WHEREABOUTS IMPORTANT FOR CLEAN SPORT?

No-advance notice out-of-competition testing is one of the most powerful means of deterrence and detection of doping. To support this type of testing, the IF has created testing pools as part of its testing program.
Certain athletes in the IF testing pools, such as those in the Registered Testing Pool (RTP), are required to provide information on their whereabouts in ADAMS, WADA’s online anti-doping administration and management system.
Registered Testing Pool is the pool of highest-priority Athletes established separately at the international level by International Federations and at the national level by National Anti-Doping Organizations, who are subject to focused In-Competition and Out-of-Competition Testing as part of that International Federation's or National Anti-Doping Organization's test distribution.

WBSC Testing Pool is a live document that can change according to inclusions, exclusions and retirements of athletes.
The first round of athletes in the TP come from National Federations qualified to the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games or that have high possibilities to qualify and are suggested by the risk assessment.
At the moment, the TP is composed by the following athletes included in the WBSC Testing Pool 2020. The management of Anti-Doping tests for these athletes must be carried out strictly complying with the International Standards for Testing and Investigations.

The IF updates the composition of the testing pools (RTP and regularly/at least yearly. Athletes in the RTP are chosen based on set criteria.

At-a-Glance: Athlete Whereabouts leaflet

At-a-glance - the doping control process

WADA’s webpage on ADAMS

Whereabouts

HOW DO ATHLETES KNOW THEY NEED TO PROVIDE WHEREABOUTS?

Athletes who need to provide whereabouts in ADAMS for are notified by the IF of their inclusion in testing pool as well as what information exactly is required of them, how to use ADAMS, deadlines to submit this information and any consequences if the information required is not submitted.
The communication of the Whereabouts and for the Results Management must follow this way: the IF must send it to the related NF and copy by email (cc) WADA and the relative NADO.

WHAT DO RTP ATHLETES NEED TO KNOW?

ADAMS login page

WADA’s webpage on ADAMS

Should athletes have any query on ADAMS, such as how to submit whereabouts, please contact antidoping@wbsc.org.

WHAT SHOULD ATHLETES DO IF THEY WISH TO RETIRE OR RETURN TO COMPETITION AFTER RETIRING?

All IF-licensed athletes who decide to retire from completion must inform the IF.

For RTP athletes, as soon as the retirement is officially confirmed to the IF, the athlete will be withdrawn from e IF’s RTP with immediate effect. If an athlete wishes to resume competing, they will not be able to do so until they have given the IF written notice of their intent to resume competing and mad themselves available for testing for a period of six months. Please consult Article 5.7 of the IF Anti-Doping Rules.

WHAT ARE THE TECHNICAL DOCUMENT FOR SPORT SPECIFIC ANALYSIS (TDSSA)?

The TDSSA is a mandatory document that must be implemented by all Anti-Doping Organisations (ADOs) from 1 January 2021. The TDSSA contains a Minimum Level of Analysis (MLA) represented as a percentage, which all ADOs shall apply to the number of tests they plan to conduct on sports and disciplines included in their Test Distribution Plans (TDPs) for the following prohibited substances: Erythropoietin-Receptor Agonists (EPOs); Growth Hormone (GH); and Growth Hormone Releasing Factors (GHRFs).

ATHLETE BIOLOGICAL PASSPORT

The biological passport is an anti-doping technique introduced by WADA which consists in tracking the athlete's blood parameters over time. The athlete incurs disqualification for doping in the event that abnormal and unjustified trends of these parameters are detected with respect to the typical profile of the athlete.

RISK ASSESSMENT

WBSC carries out an adequate testing program in order to protect clean athletes and to strengthen clean baseball and softball. At the same time, WBSC alerts all athletes to the “risk assessment”, that is the assessment of risk in playing baseball and softball.

It is important to consider that professional athletes frequently do movements and are subject to some injuries:

Therefore, it is important for athletes to use:

Click here to learn more about WBSC Risk Assessment.

WHAT SHOULD AN ATHLETE, ATHLETE SUPPORT PERSONNEL OR ANY PERSON AWARE OF DOPING PRACTICES IN THE SPORT DO?

Report Doping to antidoping@wbsc.org