Prohibited List

The Prohibited List is a mandatory International Standard as part of the World Anti-Doping Code.

It is structured in the following way:

  • Part 1: substances and methods prohibited at all times;
  • Part 2: substances and methods prohibited in-competition;
  • Part 3: substances prohibited in particular sports.

The substances are classified into 10 macro-categories, for example S1 (anabolic agents), S6 (stimulants), S7 (narcotics); while the methods in 3, such as M1 (manipulation of blood and blood components) and M3 (gene and cell doping). 
The list is updated annually following an extensive consultation process facilitated by WADA.

It is each athlete’s responsibility to ensure that no prohibited substance enters his/her body and that no prohibited method is used.

What is prohibited?

The World Anti-Doping Agency is pleased to publish the 2022 List of Prohibited Substances and Methods, the 2022 Summary of Major Modifications and Explanatory Notes and the 2022 Monitoring Programme.

You can find at this link the 2023 Prohibited List which was approved by WADA’s Executive Committee during its meeting on 23 September 2022 and enters into force on 1 January 2023.

Many of the substances on the Prohibited List have no medical application, but for those that do, the list only contains the generic names of the pharmaceutical substances, therefore it doesn't contain brand names of the medications, which vary from country to country.

The WBSC will only allow an athlete to use a prohibited substance for medical reasons if the athlete has a valid Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) for that substance.

Before taking any medication, please make sure to check with your prescribing physician that it does not contain a prohibited substance.

For this reason, please consult the following databases:

* Important note: WBSC and WADA do not take responsibility for the information provided on these websites.

Many international scientific researches showed that the substances and methods included in the Prohibited List have dangerous effects on the human health. For more information, please refer to the section Harms of Doping.

Before taking any medication, please make sure to check with your prescribing physician the points below:

1. Check that the generic name or International Nonproprietary Name (INN) of any active ingredient is not included in the Prohibited List.
For example, Modafinil (INN) is prohibited in- competition according to the Prohibited List and is sold in English-speaking countries under brand names such as Alertec®, Modavigil® and Provigil®; these brand names do not appear on the List.

2. Check that the medication does not contain any pharmaceutical substances that would fall within a general category that is prohibited. Many sections of the Prohibited List only contain a few examples and state that other substances with a similar chemical structure or similar biological effect(s) are also prohibited.

3. Be aware that intravenous infusions and/or injections of more than 50mL per 6 hour period are prohibited, regardless of the status of the substances.

4. If you have any doubt, contact the WBSC at (or your NADO, if you are a national-level athlete).