Testing & Intelligence

The aim of testing is to detect and deter doping among athletes to protect clean athletes.

Any athlete under the testing jurisdiction of the WBSC may be tested at any time, with no advance notice, in- or out-of-competition, and be required to provide a urine or blood sample.

Which athletes are considered to be “international level athletes”?

If you are an international level athlete ‒ defined as:

  • the athlete included in the WBSC Registered Testing Pool, WBSC Testing Pool and any other pool if established by WBSC;
  • athlete including para-athlete who participate in the following WBSC international events: WBSC World Cups and WBSC World Cups Continental qualifiers (for all disciplines but excluding events involving minors), World Baseball Classic, World Baseball Classic qualfiiers, Premier 12, Olympic Games and Olympic Games qualifying events and all other events included in the WBSC event calendar. The athletes participating in the aforementioned events shall be considered international level athletes starting two (2) months prior to the specific event in question.

Testing Pools and Whereabouts

Registered Testing Pool: it is the pool of highest-priority athletes, established at the international level by WBSC and at the national level by National Anti-Doping Organizations; it is subject to focused in-competition and out-of-competition testing.

WBSC Testing Pool: it is the tier below the Registered Testing Pool, it includes athletesfrom whom some whereabouts information is required in order to testthem out-of-competition.
You can find below the WBSC Testing Pool 2020:

Document name
WBSC Testing Pool 2020

Certain athletes in the WBSC Testing Pools, such as those in the Registered Testing Pool (RTP) and/or Testing Pool (TP), are required to provide information on their whereabouts in ADAMS, WADA’s online anti-doping administration and management system.

Criteria to be included in the WBSC Testing Pool:

  • risk assessment (sport-specific);
  • top male athletes and female athletes in the current year;
  • athletes qualified for the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games;
  • medalists from World Cups and top senior events (World Baseball Classic and Premier12);
  • athletes without NADO in their countries;
  • athletes not selected in their countries’ RTP;
  • recently injured athletes;
  • athletes that registered high performance in one month;
  • athletes with sudden withdrawal record from World Cups and top senior events (World Baseball Classic and Premier12);
  • athletes not tested out of competition in the past one year;
  • athletes with a suspicious behaviour based on WBSC internal intelligence;
  • athletes with previous unsuccessful attempt control failure record;
  • athletes with Anti-Doping Rule Violation records;
  • athletes with atypical finding records;
  • consideration of team performance;
  • consideration of continental allocation balance;
  • consideration of gender balance.

The WBSC updates the composition of the testing pools (RTP and TP) regularly, at least yearly.

The management of anti-doping tests for these athletes must be carried out strictly complying with the International Standards for Testing and Investigations (see the standards on Documents & Regulations).

How do athletes know they need to provide whereabouts?

WBSC notifies athletes through a letter about their inclusion in the Testing Pool or Registered Testing Pool, how to use ADAMS, what information exactly they need to provide, deadlines within which they have to submit this information and any consequences in case of no-submission.

What do RTP/TP athletes need to know?

ADAMS login page

ADAMS user guide

ADEL for RTP/TP athletes (including whereabouts and ADAMS essentials)

WADA’s webpage on ADAMS

Should athletes have any query on ADAMS, such as how to submit whereabouts, please contact antidoping@wbsc.org.

What should athletes do if they wish to retire or return to competition after retiring?

All WBSC-licensed athletes who decide to retire from competition must inform the WBSC.

WBSC's RTP athletes, as soon as the retirement is officially confirmed to the WBSC, will be withdrawn from the WBSC’s RTP with immediate effect. If an athlete wishes to resume competing, they will not be able to do so until they have given the WBSC written notice of their intent and made themselves available for testing for a period of six months. Please consult Article 5.6 of the WBSC Anti-Doping Rules (see the link on Documents & Regulations).

If you want to download the official forms and for more information, please refer to the specific section about whereabouts.

What is the Technical Document for Sport Specific Analysis (TDSSA)?

The TDSSA is a mandatory document that must be implemented by all Anti-Doping Organisations (ADOs). It has the purpose to ensure that all ADOs conduct testing intelligence in an appropriate mode, carrying out a Minimum Level of Analysis (MLA) for particular prohibited substances and/or methods deemed to be at risk in certain sports. For answers to Frequently Asked Questions, please refer to TDSSA Supporting Document A that is available on the same link.

TDSSA and TDSSA Supporting Document A

Athlete Biological Passport

The Athlete Biological Passport (ABP) is an anti-doping technique introduced by WADA which consists in tracking the athlete's physiological parameters over time. The athlete incurs disqualification for doping in the event that abnormal and unjustified trends of these parameters are detected with respect to the typical profile of the athlete.

The ABP is integrated directly into ADAMS. There are fundamentally two kinds of approaches, namely Steroidal Module and Haematological Module:

Steroidal Module
The Steroidal Module inspects the athlete's level of steroids over time, establishing an athlete steroid profile. This technique is based on the analysis of the urine samples.

Haematological Module
The Haematological Module analyses the athlete’s blood variables over time and can signal the effects of blood doping, such as blood transfusion or the use of Erytrhopoiesis-Stimulating Agents (ESAs).

For more information, please click here.

What should an athlete, athlete support personnel or any other person do to report doping practices?

Submit doping practices to the Speak Up platform (see the Speak Up section).